Toe and Metatarsal Fractures
San Francisco Podiatrist – Toe and Metatarsal Fractures
There are 26 bones in each foot, all subject to the daily pressures and occasional injuries involved in mobility. Fractures vary in severity and are divided into the two categories of traumatic breaks and stress fractures. A high impact causes a traumatic fracture, which may cause the bone to be dislocated from its proper placement. Surgery is often required to reset these fractures. Signs of this injury are a breaking or popping sound at the time of impact, focused pain, abnormal shape of the toe or foot following impact, bruising or swelling. Stress fractures develop over time and are typically hairline fractures along the length of the bone. Improper footwear and intense overuse can lead to stress fractures. They are often associated with athletics or occupations that require long hours on and stress to the feet. These fractures are accompanied by pain, tenderness, swelling and bruising.
Symptoms of fracture are very similar to those of a sprain. Medical attention is needed to diagnose the injury properly so an appropriate treatment plan can be implemented. Though they may seem small, neglecting these injuries can lead to deformity, arthritis and chronic pain. Toe fractures are most often caused by impact injury. Rest, taping and protective footwear are sometimes all that is needed for a toe fracture. In more severe cases, a surgical intervention is necessary to realign the bone and/or joint. Metatarsal fractures may require rest, especially from the particular activity that caused the fracture. San Francisco Podiatrists may also recommend immobilization or, if there is serious dislocation, surgery.